Climate Change and Agriculture – What You need to Know

Climate change remains one of the top environmental concerns globally. Climate change has a huge impact on vulnerable communities around the world, because the changes affect agriculture more than any other sector.

Agriculture contributes a lot to the overall GDP, and this means that climate change can make the economy susceptible to the negative effects.

The Challenges

Semi-arid regions are facing the brunt of climate change the hard way. The increases in the frequency of drought in some areas make the farmers take extreme measures to safeguard their crops and animals. There have been reports of farmers letting animals to feed on crops after realizing that these crops will not produce the kind of yield they expect.

Even as the farmers face these challenges, they have not realized that climate change is just a one-off incident; the occurrence of the phenomenon will be more pronounced in future. Thus, there is need to come up with strategies to fight climate change as well as to let the vulnerable sections become aware of climate change so that they can adopt the strategies. You can discover more here to appreciate what climate change is doing.

Adaptation

Various factors lead to the production of more green gas emissions, which then lead to climate change. In agriculture, one of the causes of emissions is the need for higher production to meet the demands of the ever-growing population.

Ironically, the agricultural sector is more prone to climate change, and the use of inefficient agricultural practices leads to more emissions, which in turn result in lower production. To compensate for this, farmers go ahead to put in more effort and resources in terms of fertilizer and other commercial strategies. These turn out to be an inefficient way to curb the challenges in agriculture.

Effects of Climate Change

The effects of climate change might not be immediate, it might take some time, but it will be felt one day, say, after two decades.

One of the expected effects of climate change is reduced rainfall. This means there will be less availability of surface water, and you will have to dig deeper to get to the underground water. This means you expect poor returns from agricultural practices that depend on rainwater.

You will also have to put in more into a piece of land to get a good return. The profitability of the land will go down, and the risk of crop failure will be high.